Art @Law

The Tale of the Two Cranachs


On 9 August 2016, a federal judge in the U.S. District Court of California summarily dismissed a lawsuit against the Norton Simon Museum brought by the heirs of a Dutch dealer, Jacques Goudstikker, to recover two sixteenth century oil paintings, entitled “Adam” and “Eve” by Lucas Cranach the Elder.[i]  Granting the Museum’s motion for summary judgment, the court held that the Museum is entitled to keep the Cranachs because the Dutch government “acquired ownership of the Cranachs” and, as a

TRK879692 The Battle of Alexander at Issus. Oil painting by the German artist Albrecht Altdorfer (1480-1538). 1529. by Altdorfer, Albrecht (c.1480-1538); Alte Pinakothek, Munich, Germany; ( Albrecht Altdorfer (1480-1538).
Alte Pinakothek. Munich. Germany); Photo © Tarker; German,  out of copyright

Update – New German Export Provisions for the “Protection of Cultural Property” now in force


Earlier this year we reported that Germany’s government was in the process of legislating to protect objects of national heritage and restrict their export from Germany. The new Act for the Protection of Cultural Property automatically (and practically, overnight) adds to the list of items declared as national cultural property, all items: owned by the public and held by a public institution holding cultural property (e.g. a national museum); owned and held by an institution holding cultural objects that is

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A new Guarantee Facility for the Culture and Creative Sectors


On 30 June 2016, the European Commission and the European Investment Fund (EIF) launched a €121 million guarantee initiative, the “Cultural and Creative Sectors Guarantee Facility”, to support small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the cultural and creative sectors via financial institutions. The new guarantee facility will be offered through “Creative Europe” (see here), a 7-year programme (2014-2020) aimed at supporting the cultural and creative sectors.  The guarantee facility will be managed by the EIF on behalf of the European


Spain: Competition Authority investigates Art Logistics Companies


The Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia (“CNMC”) is the independent authority in charge of both competition and regulatory matters in Spain. Its role is to guarantee and maintain the correct operation and effective competition of all productive sectors and markets in Spain. On 24 June 2016, the CNMC issued a press release (see here) announcing that it is investigating potentially anti-competitive practices carried out by certain companies providing transport, production and assembly services in relation to art

The Rape of Europa by Jean-Baptiste Marie Pierre 3

Brexit: the long road ahead


Less than a week after the British EU Referendum, it is becoming increasingly obvious that the vote to “Leave” has settled nothing. This is because the question on the ballot was fundamentally flawed. The Prime Minister should have delayed the process until the Leave supporters put forward a coherent, persuasive alternative to the status quo and voters should then have been asked to choose between the two alternatives. Instead, the British people have voted against an existing system but not

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De Sole v. Knoedler Gallery – A Field of Red Flags


Last month, collectors Domenico and Eleanore De Sole settled their claims against the now defunct Knoedler Gallery and its former president and director, Ann Freedman. The settlement, though hardly surprising, left many questions unanswered and raised other interesting ones. Unfortunately, we will never know whether, in the eyes of a jury, the De Soles’ reliance on the representations made by Knoedler and Freedman was reasonably justified, and whether Knoedler and Freedman intended to defraud. The Knoedler Gallery, founded in 1846


Protecting national heritage or stifling the German Art Market?


Since 1955, it has been possible for Germany’s 16 states to register on a list of objects of national cultural importance artworks that are considered of particular cultural significance to the German nation. Once registered, the artwork cannot be permanently exported from Germany. Thus far, some 2,700 artworks have been registered by Germany’s 16 states. Most of these artworks are held in private collections. It has only been possible to register artworks held in public collections since 2007. Naturally, once